What Are the Main Components of Mental Health?

Mental Health Components

The importance of mental health to overall well-being cannot be ignored. However, few people try to maintain the routines and perspectives that are good for their mental health, even if most know how important it is. To thrive in a society where everything seems to be a constant struggle—from relationships to health to money to just getting through the day—you need to tune into your needs and develop the habit of self-care. 

The Main Components of Mental Health

Several psychological, social, and emotional aspects contribute to one’s mental health. However, the three main components of mental health include:


  • Cognitive Health

A person’s cognitive health is an essential part of their mental health as their thoughts dictate most of their behaviours. Your ideas significantly impact your emotions, behaviours, and the way you think. The most common examples of cognitive abilities are the ability to learn, think, process, and reason with data.

Memory, focus, judgement, and the ability to solve problems are all part of it. The first step in overcoming overthinking and burnout is developing cognitive health, an essential part of overall mental wellness.

  • Behavioural Health

A person’s behavioural health may be defined as their capacity to make good decisions, control their addictive behaviours, and participate in activities that promote their overall health and happiness. 

Essential to mental health, behavioural health examines the link between actions and psychological and physiological well-being. Optimal mental and emotional well-being is supported by behavioural health, which in turn tackles health concerns associated with behaviour.

  • Emotional Health

Emotional well-being is distinct from mental health but is an essential factor in mental wellness as a whole. Being emotionally healthy means being able to handle and control one’s emotions in a healthy way. 

Having a positive outlook on life does not guarantee mental wellness. This trait indicates that you are in tune with your feelings and can handle them appropriately. When you take care of your emotional health, you’re also taking care of your mental health since you’re –

·       Able to withstand stress

·       Feel better about oneself

·       Develop more meaningful connections

·       Positivity in outlook and thought

·       Lively and full of life


It may seem difficult to work on or prioritise all aspects of mental health at once, but it is not. Achieving success and living a better life without stress requires baby steps and consistent effort. Adapting new habits can be challenging at first. The first step is discovering how to regulate the things that may influence you or accept the things you cannot change.